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History of Britain | John Milton | Antiquity, Middle Ages/Middle History | Audiobook full unabridged | English | 8/8
Content of the video and Sections beginning time (clickable) – Chapters of the audiobook: please see First comments under this video.
A reader of this history, encountering the frequent references to “my author,” meaning the current source, will be reminded of Don Quixote and of The Morte d’Arthur, for Milton employs a style that might be called dissertational rather then novelistic; he carefully identifies his sources and often quotes from them. However, much of the scholarly documentation has been omitted from the reading—all except footnotes indicating the years—to avoid cumbersome interruptions.
What will be obvious to a listener, though, is that Milton uses earlier chronicles with discretion. He doubts the very existence of Arthur and proposes an ingenious explanation of the origin of his supposed father, Uther. When obliged to cite George Buchanan, the world-renowned neo-Latin author and tutor (later detractor) of Mary Queen of Scots, he regularly uses more than a grain of salt, in view of that scholar’s Scottish bias. And as he carefully weighs the reliability of his sources, so he offers his candid opinion of the wisdom and integrity of historical figures. He sneers at the story of King Canute’s famously commanding the rising tide of waves to retire, but not for any of the reasons one might suppose. Boadicea gets low marks, Alfred high ones—but not without some reservations. And in a long digression comparing the government of Britain, newly freed from Roman domination, to the British republic under Cromwell (for which, as Secretary of the Foreign Tongues, Milton was the voice), his criticism is so frank and savage that the passage had to be suppressed during his lifetime. Such personal opinions are what make this book entertaining and useful for the serious study of the author’s thought and personality.
The endearingly affectionate life of the author, written by his elder nephew, Edward Philips, offers much first-hand information although its facts are not always accurate and its coverage spotty. One learns nothing, for example, about Milton’s visit to the home of Galileo, but Philips’s discussion of the role his cousins played in their father’s scholarly pursuits is detailed and affords no basis to the myth that he ever dictated his poetry to his daughters. (Summary by T. A. Copeland)
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book six part three of the history of Britain by John Milton this LibriVox recording is in the public domain recording by Thomas Copeland Edward the Confessor glad were the English to be delivered so unexpectedly from their Danish masters and little did they think how near another conquest was hanging over them Edward the Easter following no post Christ 10:43 return to text was crowned at Winchester and the same year accompanied with the Earl's Godwin they offer consumed came again with her on a sudden and by their counsel seized on the treasure of his mother Emma the cause alleged is that she was hard to him in the time of his banishment and indeed she is said not much to have gloved Ethelred her former husband and thereafter the children she had by him she was moreover noted to be very covetous heart to the poor and profuse two monasteries about this time also King Edward according to Brahmas took to wife Edith or edges Earl Godwin's daughter commended much for beauty modesty and beyond what is requisite in a moment learning in Gulf who was then a youth lodging in the court with his father saw her oft and when coming from the school was sometimes met by her and posed not in grammar only but in logic also Edward the next year but one no host Christ 1045 returned to text made ready a strong Navy at Sandwich against Magnus King of Norway who threatened an invasion that not Swain King of Denmark diverted him from it by a war at home to defend his own land no post Christ 1046 returned text not out of goodwill to Edward as may be supposed who at the same time expressed nuns of the Danes vanishing canudas the niece of Knut with her two sons and Oscar by surname klaapa out of the realm Swain overpowered by Magnus no post Christ 10:47 which texts sent the next year to entreat a dove King Edward Godwin gave counsel to send him fifty ships fraught with soldiers but the offer can lead general voice gainsaying none was sent the next year nope post Christ 1048 returned to text Herald harbinger King of Norway sending ambassadors made peace with King Edward but an earthquake at Worcester and Darby and pestilence and famine in many places much lessened the enjoyment there are the next year note post Christ 1049 Richard text Henry the Emperor displeased with Baldwin or the Flanders had straightened him with a great army by land and sent him to King Edward desired him with his ships to hinder what he might his escape by sea the King therefore with a great Navy coming to sandwich their state till the Emperor came to an agreement with her aboard meanwhile Swain son of Earl Godwin who not being permitted to marry edge' by the Abbess of Chester who had been by him deflowered had left the land came out of Denmark with eight ships feigning a desire to return into the Kings favour and borne his cousin German who commanded part of the Kings Navy promised to intercede that his earldom might be restored to him Godwin therefore and Bjorn with a few ships the rest of the fleet being come home coming to Pevensey but Godwin soon departed thence in pursuit of 29 Danish ships who had got much booty on the coast of Essex and perished by tempest in their return Swain with his ships comes to bjorn at Pevensey guile fully requests him to sail with him to Sandwich and reconcile him to the king as he promised Jorn mistrusting no evil where he attended good went with him in a ship attended by three only of his servants but Swain set upon barbarous cruelty not reconciliation with the King took beyond now in his power and bound him then coming to Dartmouth suid and buried him in a deep ditch after which the men of Hastings took six of his ships and brought them to the king off the port of Sandwich with the other two he escaped into Flanders their remaining till Aldrin Bishop Wooster by earnest mediation brought his peace with the King about this time King Edward sent to Pope Leo desiring absolution from a vow which he had made in his younger years to take a journey to Rome of God God saved him to reign in England the Pope dispensed with his vow but not without the expense of his journey given to the poor and a monastery built or we edified to st. Peter who in a vision to a monk as it is said chose Westminster for the situation of it which King Edward thereupon rebuilding and doubted with large privileges and revenues the same year set the Florent of Worcester certain Irish pirates with 36 ships entered the mouth of the seven and with the aid of Griffin Prince of South Wales did some hurt in those parts then passing the river wye burnt Durden and slew all the inhabitants they found against whom all drew at Bishop of Worcester with a few men out of Gloucestershire and Hereford shirt went out in haste but Griffin doomed the Welsh and Irish had privily sent messengers came down upon the English with his whole power by night and early in the morning suddenly assaulting them slew many and put the rest to flight the next year but one no post pressed 1051 returned to text king edward remitted the danish tax which had continued 38 years heavy upon the land since fo road first paid it to the danes and what remained thereof in his treasury he sent back to the owners but through him prudence laid the foundation of a far worse mischief to the English while studying gratitude to those Normans who drew him in exile had been helpful he called them over to public offices here whom better he might have repaid out of his private purse by this means it aspirating the two nations one against the other and making wave by degrees for the Norman Conquest Robert a monk of that country who had been serviceable to him there in the time of need he made bishop first of London then of Canterbury and William his chaplain he made Bishop of Dorchester then began the English to lay aside their own ancient customs and in many things to imitate French manners the great peers to speak French in their houses and used the same language in writing their bills and letters is a great piece of gentility and as if they were ashamed of their own which seems to have been a presage of their subjection shortly after to that people whose fashions and language they affected so slavishly to adopt but that which gave beginning to many troubles ensuing happened this year and upon this occasion Eustace earn apple loin father of the famous godfrey who won Jerusalem from the Saracens and husband to Goethe the King sisters having been to visit King Edward and returning by Canterbury to take ship at Dover one of his harbingers insolently seeking to lodge by force in a house there provoked the master there up to such a degree that by chance or heat of anger he killed it the count with his whole train going to the house where his servant had been killed slew both the Slayer and eighteen more who defended him but the townsmen running to Arms requite at him with the slaughter of twenty more of his servants and wounded most of the rest he himself with one or two hardly escaping ran back with clamour to the King whom seconded by other Norman courtiers he stirred up to great anger against the citizens of Canterbury Earl Godwin in haste is sent forth the cause related and much aggravated by the king against that City and the Earl is commanded to raise forces and treat the citizens thereof as enemies Godwin I'm sorry to see strangers more favored of the king than his native people answered that it were better to summon first the chief men of the town into the Kings Court to charge them with sedition where both parties might be heard that if they should be found to have not been in thought they might be acquitted if otherwise they might buy fine or loss of life satisfy the king whose peace they had broken and the count whom they had injured but till this were done he refused to prosecute with hostile punishment those men of his own country unheard whom his office was rather to defend the King displeased with his refusal and not knowing how to compel him appointed an assembly of all the peers to be held at Gloucester where the matter might be fully tried the assembly was full and frequent according to summons but God wind mistrusting his own cause or the violence of his adversaries with his two sons Swain and Herald and a great power gathered out of his own at his sons earldoms which contained most of the south east and west parts of England came no farther than bevor stone giving out that their forces were to go against the Welsh who intended an eruption into Hertfordshire and Swain under that pretence lay with part of his army there about the Welsh understanding this device and with all diligence clearing themselves before the king left Godwin thus detected a false accusation in great hatred to all the assembly he offered therefore and Seward dukes of great power the former in murcia the other in all parts beyond the Humber both ever faithful to the King send privily with speed to raise the forces of their provinces which Godwin not knowing sent boldly to King Edward demanding count used to send his followers together with those balunians who as simian rights held a castle in the jurisdiction of Canterbury the king as then having but little force at hand entertained him a while with treaties and delays till his summoned army to die and then rejected his demands Godwin thus matched commanded his sons not to begin a fight against the king but if begun with not to give ground the Kings forces were the flower of those countries whence they came and eager to fall but Leofric and the wiser sought to testing civil war brought the matter to this Accord that hostage is being given on either side because should be again debated at London there the king and lords coming to their army sent to Godwin and his sons who with their powers become as far as southern commanding their appearance unarmed with only 12 attendants and that the rest of their soldiers they should deliver over to the king they to appear without pledges before an adverse faction denied but to dismiss their soldiers refused not nor why not else to obey the king as far as might stand with honour and the dust regard of their safety this answer not pleasing the King an edict was presently issued forth that Godwin and his sons within five days should depart the land he will perceived now his numbers to diminish readily obeyed and with his wife and three sons toasting Swain and Gotha with as much treasure as their ship could carry and barking at thorny sailed into Flanders to Earl Baldwin whose daughter Judith towstee had married for will not his fourth son was then a hostage to the king in Normandy his other to Harold and the often taking ship at Bristow in a vessel that lay ready there belonging to Swain passed into Ireland King Edward pursuing his displeasure divorced his wife Edith her Godwin's daughter and sent her to spoiled of all her ornaments to wear well with one waiting-maid to be kept in custody by his sister the Abbess there his reason of so doing was as harsh as his act quote that she only while her nearest relations were in banishment might not though innocent enjoy ease at home and quote after this William Duke of Normandy with a great number of followers coming into England was by King Edward honorably entertained and led about the cities and castles as it were to show him what air long was to be his own though at that time Seth engulfed no mention thereof passed between then after some time of his abode here presented richly and dismissed he returned home the next year Queen Emma died note post Christ 1051 returned to text and was buried at Winchester The Chronicle attributed to John grumped a new Yorkshire Abbot but more probably the work of some nameless author that lived under Edward the third or later reports that the year before by Robert the archbishop she was accused both of consenting to the death of her son Alfred and of preparing poison for Edward also lastly of too much familiarity with all when Bishop of Winchester and that in order to prove her innocence praying overnight to sinks with you she offered to walk blindfold between certain plowshares made red-hot according to the trial by ordeal without harm and afterwards did perform this dangerous penance and that the King thereupon received her to honour and from her and the bishop penance for his credulity that the archbishop ashamed of his accusation fled out of England which besides the silence of more ancient authors for the bishops led not to the year after brings the whole story into suspicion in this more probable if it can be proved that in memory of this deliverance from the nine burning plowshares Queen Emma gave to the Abbey of saints with you nine manors and Bishop Aldrin another nine about this time Griffon Prince of South Wales wasted perfer sure to oppose whom the people of that country with many Norman's garrisoned in the castle of Hereford went out in arms but were put to the worse many slain and much booty driven away by the Welsh soon after which Harold and lenguin sons of God when coming into the Severn with many ships in the confines of Somerset in Dorsetshire spoiled many villages and resisted by those of Somerset and Devon sure slew in a fight more than thirty of their principal men many of the common sword and returned with much booty to their fleet King Edward on the other side made ready above sixty ships at sandwich well stored with men and provision under the conduct of odo and rattles two of his Norman kindred in joining them to find out Godwin whom he heard to be at sea to quicken them he himself lay on shipboard oftimes watched and sailed up and down in search of those pirates but Godwin whether in a mist or by other accident passing by them arrived in another part of Kent and dispersing several messengers abroad by fair words eluard the chief men of Kent Surrey and Essex to his party which news coming to the Kings fleet of Sandwich they hasted to find him out but missing of him again came up without effect to London Godwin advertised of this forthwith sail to the Isle of Wight where at length his two sons Harold and Lewan finding him with their United Navy lay on the coast for bearing other hostility than to furnish themselves with fresh metals from land as they needed thence as one fleet they set forward to sandwich using all fair means by the way to increase their numbers both of mariners and soldiers the king who was then at London startled at these tidings gave speedy order to raise forces in all parts that had not revolted from him but now too late for Godwin within a few days after with his ships or galleys came up the River Thames to Southern and till the tide returned had conference with the Londoners whom by fair speeches for he was held a good speaker in those times he brought to his bent the tired returning and none upon the bridge hindering he rode up in his galleys along the south bank where his land are may now come to him in a ray of battle now stood on the shore then turning toward the north side of the river where the King's galleys lay in some readiness and land force is also not far off he made show as offering to fight but they understood one another and the soldiers on either side soon declared there is not to fight English against English thence coming to treaty the king and the Earl were reconciled and both armies were dissolved and Godwin and his sons were restored to their former dignities except Swain who were being touched with conscience for the slaughter of yon his kinsmen was gone barefoot to Jerusalem and returning home died by sickness or Saracens in Lycia and King Edward took to him again his wife Edith Godwin's daughter and restored her to her former dignity then with the Normans who had done many unjust things under the Kings Authority and given him ill counsel against his people banished the realm some of them who were not blameable being permitted to stay Robert Archbishop of Canterbury William Bishop of London both Bishop of Lincoln all Norman's hardly escaping with their followers thought to see the archbishop went with this complaint to Rome but returning died in Normandy at the same monastery from whence he came oz Bern and Hugh surrendered the castles and by permission of your free pass to his counties with their Normans – Macbeth King of Scotland the year following note 1053 return to text Rhys brother to griffin prince of south wales who by inroads had done much damage to the english taken at burlington was put to death by the king's order and his head brought to him at gloucester the same year at Winchester on the second holiday of Easter Earl Godwin sitting with the King at table sunk down suddenly in his seat as dead his three sons Harald Tosti and Bertha forthwith carried him into the king's chamber hoping he might revive but the malady antso seized him that the fifth day after he expired the Normans who hated Godwin gave out South Malmesbury that mentioned happening to be made of Alfred and the King there at looking sourly upon Godwin he to vindicate himself uttered these words thou King at every mention made of that brother Alfred Lucas frowningly upon me but let God not suffer me to swallow this morsel if I be guilty a lot done against his life or thy advantage that after these words choked with the morsel taken he sent down and recovered not his first wife was the sister of Knut a woman of much infamy for the trade she drove of buying up English youths and maids to sell in Denmark where off she made great gain but ere long was struck with thunder and died the year ensuing note post Christ 1054 returned to Texas Seward Earl of Northumberland with a great number of horse and foot attended also by a strong fleet at the Kings appointment made an expedition into Scotland vanquished the tyrant Macbeth slaying many thousands of scoffs with those Norman's that went thither and placed Malcolm son of the Cumbrian King on the throne in his stead yet not without loss of his own son and many other soldiers both English and Danes when he was told of his son's death he asked whether he received his deaths wound before or behind when it was answered that the wound was before I am glad to hear that said he and should not else have thought him though my son worthy of burial in the meanwhile King Edward being without issue to succeed in send Aldridge Bishop of Winchester with great presence to the Emperor and treating him to prevail with the king of Hungary that Edward the remaining son of his brother Edmund Ironside might be sent into England Seward but one year surviving his great victory died at York note boast Christ 10:55 returned to Texas reported by Huntington a man of giant-like stature and by his own demeanour at the point of death manifested to have been of a rough and mere soldierly mind for much disdaining to die in bed by a disease and not in the field fighting with his enemies he caused himself completely armed and weapon with battle axe and shield to be said in a chair whether to fight with death if he could be so vain or to meet him when far other weapons and preparations were needful in a martial bravery but true fortitude glories not in the feats of war as they are such but as they serve to end war soonest by a victorious peace his earldom the King bestowed on Tosti the son of Earl Godwin and soon after in a convention held at London banished without visible cause Huntington Seth for treason all god the son of the offering who passing into Ireland soon returned with 18 ships to Griffin Prince of South Wales requesting his aid against King Edward he assembling his powers entered with him into Hertfordshire whom rattle for timorous captain son to the king sister not they used us but by a former husband met two miles distant from Hereford and having Horst the English who knew better to fight on foot without stroke he with his French and Norman's beginning to fly taught the English by his example to do so likewise Griffin and all car following the chase slew many wounded more entered her through slew seven cannons who were defending the minister burnt first the monastery and relics and then the city killing some leading captive others of the citizens returned with great spoils where of King Edward having noticed he gathered a great army at Gloucester under the conduct of Harold now Earl of Kent who strenuously pursuing Griffin entered Wales and encamped beyond Stradale but the enemy flying before him father into the country leaving there the greater part of his army with such as had charged to fight occasion were offered with the rest he returned and fortified Hereford with the wall and gates meanwhile Griffin and Elgar dreading the diligence of Harold after many messages to and fro concluded a peace with him Algar discharging his fleet with pay at WestJet mr. came to the king and was restored to his orb done but Griffin with breach of faith the next year note 1056 returned to text set upon nilfgaard the bishop of hereford and his clerks then at a place called glass break with al north by counter the Shire and slew them but the ORAC Herald and King Edward by force as is likeliest though it be not said how reduced him to peace the next year note post Christ 10:57 return to text Edward son of Edmund Ironside for whom his uncle King Edward had sent to the Emperor came out of Hungary designed successor to the crown but within a few days after his coming died at London leaving behind him Edgard Atheling his son Margaret and Christiana his daughters about the same time also died early offering in a good old age a man of no less virtue than power in his time religious prudent and faithful to his country happily wedded to a diva a woman of great praise his son Algar found less favor with King Edward being again banished a year after his father's death no post Christ 1058 returned to text but he again by the aid of Griffin and a faint from Norway I'm over the king soon recovered his earldom the next year note post Christ 10:59 returned to Texas Malcolm King of Scots coming to visit King Edward was brought on his way by Tosti the Northumbrian Earl to whom he swore Brotherhood yet the next year but one no post Christ 1061 returned to Texas while Tosti was gone to Rome with Aldred Archbishop of York for his Paul this sworn brother taking advantage of his absence roughly Harris Northumberland the year passing to an end without other matter of moment saved the frequent inroads and robberies of Griffin who no bonds of faith could restrain King Edward sent against him after Christmas Herald now Duke of the West Saxons with no great body of horse no post Christ 1062 returned Tech's from Gloucester where he then kept his court who's coming heard of Griffin not daring to abide nor in any part of his land holding himself secure escaped hardly by sea air Herald coming to rude land burned his palace and ships there and returned to Gloucester the same day but by the middle of May no to post Christ 1063 returned to text setting out with a fleet from Bristol he sailed about the most part of Wales and being met by his brother Tosti with many troops of horse as the king had appointed began to waste the country but the Welsh giving pledges yielded themselves and promised to become tributary and banished Griffin their prince who lurking somewhere was the next year taken and slain by Griffin Prince of North Wales no post Christ 1064 returned to text his head with the head and tackle of his ship sent to Herald and by him to the king who of his gentleness made blest Ghent and with Colin or Ravana on his two brothers princes in his stead they to herald in behalf of the king swore fealty and tribute yet the next year note post Christ 1065 returned to text Herald having built a fair house at a place called Portia sit in Monmouthshire and stored it with provision that the King might Lodge there in time of hunting Cara dock the son of Griffin slain the fear before came with a number of men slew all he found there and took away the provision soon after which the northumbrian sent a tumult at York who set the palace of toasty their Earl slew more than two hundred of his soldiers and servants pillaged his treasure and forced him to fly for his life the cause of this insurrection they alleged to be for that the Queen Edith had commanded in her brother trustees behalf goes Patrick a nobleman of that country to be treacherously slain in the king's court and the toast himself the year before with light treachery had caused to be slain in his chamber gamal at all to other of their noblemen besides is intolerable exactions of depressions then in a manner the whole country coming up to complain of their grievances met with Harold at Northampton whom the king at toasties request had sent to pacify them Northumbria but they laying open the cruelty of his government and their own birthright of freedom not to endure the tyranny of any governor whatsoever with absolute refusal to admit him again and Harold hearing recent all the accomplices of tusky were expelled the earldom he himself was banished the realm and went into flanders and Morcar the son of Algar made earl in his stead huntington tells another cause of toasties banishment that one day at windsor while carroll reached the cup to king edward toasty envying to see his younger brother in greater favor than himself could not prepare to run furiously upon him catching hold of his hair the scuffle was soon parted by other attendants rushing between and tusky forbidden the court he with continued fury writing to her furred her Harold had many servants preparing an entertainment for the King came to the house and set upon them with his followers then loving off hands arms legs of some heads of others threw them into butts of wine me Thor ale which were laid in for the Kings drinking and at his going away charged them to send him this word that of other fresh meats he might bring with him to his farm what he pleased but of sows he should find plenty provided ready for him that for this barbarous act the King pronounced him banished that the Northumbrian 'he's taking advantage of the Kings displeasure and sentence against him Rose also to be revenged of his cruelty has done to themselves but there's no way agrees for why then should Harold or the King so much labour with the Northumbrian to readmit him if he were a banished man for his crimes done before about this time it happened that Harold put him to see one day for his pleasure in the Fisher boat from his blouson in Sussex the incontinent tempest to far-off land was carried into Normandy and by the Earl of home – on whose coast he was driven was at his own request brought to Geoff William who entertaining him with great courtesy so far won him as to induce him to promise the Jew by oath of his own accord not only to deliver up to him the castle of Dover then in his tenure but the whole kingdom also after King Edward's death to his utmost endeavor thereupon patrolling the Duke's daughter then too young for marriage and departing richly presented others say that King Edward himself after the death of Edward his nephew sent Herald did on purpose to acquaint you Quilliam with his intention to bequeath em his kingdom but mom's Murray accounts the former story to be the true engulf writes that King Edward now grown old and perceiving Edgar his nephew to be both in body and mind unfit to govern especially against the pride and insolence of Godwin sons who would never obey him and youth william on the other hand to be a man of high merit and considering likewise that he was his kinsman by the side of his mother Queen Emma had sent Robert Archbishop of Canterbury to acquaint the Duke with his purpose not long before Harold came dinner the former part may be true that King Edward upon such considerations had sent some person or other to duke william but it could not be Archbishop Robert because he had fled the land and had been dead many years before heed myrrh and Simeon write that Harold went of his own accord into Normandy by the King's permission or connivance to get free his brother will nod and his nephew Hakan the son of Swain whom the King had taken as hostages of Godwin and it sent into Normandy and that thereupon King Edward had forewarned Harold that his journey there would be to the detriment of all England and to his own reproach and a further right that Duke William that acquainted Harold how Edward airs coming to the crown that promised if every attained it to leave Jeff Williams successor after him last of these old historians Matthew Paris writes that Harold to get free of Duke William affirmed his coming thither not to have been by accident or force of tempest but on set purpose in that private manner to enter with him into secret Confederacy so variously are these things reported after this King Edward grew sickly no post Christ 1066 returned to text yet as he was able he kept his Christmas at London and was present at the dedication of st. Peter's Church in Westminster which he had rebuilt but on the eve of Epiphany or twelve tide he died much lamented and in the church was entombed but he was harmless and simple is conjectured by his words in anger to a peasant who had crossed his game for with hunting and Hawking he was much delighted by God and God's mother said he I shall do you as sure to turn if I can observing that law maxim better than any of his successors that the King of England can do no wrong the softness of his nature gave growth to factions of those about him Normans especially and English the latter complaining that Robert the Archbishop was a sower of dissension between the king and his people at reducer of the English the other side that Godwin at his sons bore themselves arrogantly and proudly towards the king he was opening to themselves an equal share in the government off times making sport with his simplicity and that through their power in the land they made no scruple to kill men to whose inheritance that took a liking and so to take possession the truth is that Godwin and his sons did many things boisterously and violently much against the Kings mind which not being able to resist he had as some say taken such a dislike to his wife Edith God daughter as in bed never to have touched her whether for this cause or mistaken chastity not commendable to inquire further is not material his laws were held good and just and not long after were desired by the English of their Norman kings and they are yet extant he is said to have been a table not excessive at festivals nothing puffed up with the costly robes he wore which is queen with curious art had woven for him in gold he was full of arms deeds and exhorted the monks to like charity he is said to be the first English King that cured the disease thence called the Kings evil yet mom's burry blames them who attribute that cure to his royalty and not to his sanctity he is said also to have cured certain blind men with the water wherein he had washed his hands a little before his death lying speechless two days the third day after a deep sleep he was heard to pray that if it were a true vision not an illusion which he had seen God would give him strength to utter it otherwise not then he related how he had seen two devout monks whom he knew in normandy to have lived and died well who appearing told him that they were sent messengers from God to foretell that because the great ones of England Dukes Lords bishops and Abbot's were not ministers of God but of the devil God had delivered the land to their enemies and when he desired that he might reveal this vision to the end they might repent it was answered they neither will repent nor will God pardon them at this relation others trembling stigand the seminyak archbishop who had word much to blame and suffered many years to sit primate in the church is said to have laughed as at the feverish dream of a doting old man but the event proved it to be true Harold San Navarro Godwin Harold whether he had by King Edward a little before death been ordained successor to the crown as Simeon of Durham and others affirmed or by the prevalence of his faction he had excluded Edgar who was surnamed Athlon on account of his noble descent from King Edmund Ironside of whom you as the grandson as mom's burying Huntington agree immediately after the conclusion of the funeral of King Edward and on the same day was elected and crowned King and was no sooner placed on the throne but he began to frame himself by all manner of compliances to gain the affections of the people he endeavoured to make good laws repealed bad ones became a great patron to the church and churchmen courteous and affable to all that were reputed good a hater of evildoers and charged all his officers to punish thieves robbers and all disturbers of the peace while he himself by sea and land laboured in the defense of his country so good an actor is ambition in the meanwhile a blazing star seven mornings together about the end of April who seemed to stream terribly not only over England but other parts of the world foretelling here as was thought the great changes that were approaching plainly as prognosticated by elmer a monk of mom's murray who could not foresee when time was the breaking of his own legs for soaring too high he in his youth strangely aspiring had made and fitted wings to his hands and feet with these on the top of a tower spread out to gather air he flew more than a furlong but the wind being too high he came fluttering down to the maiming of all his limbs he had so conceited was he of his art that he attributed the cause of his fall to the want of a tail as birds have which he forgot to make to his Hydra parts this story though seeming otherwise to light to appear in the midst of a sad narration yet for the strangeness thereof I thought worthy enough to be placed here as I found it placed in my author but do no father towstee the king's brother coming from flanders full of envy it was younger brothers advancement to the crown resolved what he might to trouble his brain forcing therefore the inhabitants of the Isle of Wight to contribution he sailed thence to sandwich committing piracy Zhan the coast between Harald then residing at London with a great number of ships drawn together and of horse troops by land prepares in person for Sandwich where of toastie having noticed directs his course with sixty ships towards Lindsay taking with him all the seamen he found willing or unwilling where he burned many villages and slew many of the inhabitants but edwin the mercian duke and Morcar his brother of the northumbrian earl with their forces on either side soon drove him out of the country who thence we took him to Malcolm the Scottish King and with him about the whole summer about the same time Duke William sending ambassadors to admonish Herald of his promise and oath to a system in his plea to the kingdom he made answer that by the death of his daughter betrothed to him on that condition he was absolved his oath or if she was not dead he could not take her now being an outlandish woman without consent of the realm that it was presumptuously done and not me persisted in if without consent or knowledge of the states he had sworn away the right of the kingdom that what he swore was to gain his Liberty being in a manner than his prisoner it was unreasonable in the Duke to require or expect of him the foregoing of a kingdom conferred upon him with the universal favor and acclamation of the people to this flat denial he added contempt sending the messengers back safe Matthew Parris unnamed horses the Duke thus contemptuously put off addresses himself to the Pope setting forth a Justice of his cars which Herald whether through haughtiness of mind or distrust or that the ways to Rome was stopped sought not to do Duke William besides the promise in oath Harold alleged that King Edward by the advice of Seward Godwin himself and stigand the archbishop had given him the right of succession and had sent him the son and nephew of Godwin as pledges of the gift the Pope sent to Duke William after this demonstration of his right a consecrated banner whereupon he having with great care and choice got an army of tall and stout soldiers under captains of great skill and mature aid came in August to the port of Saint Valerie meanwhile Harald from London comes to sandwich there expecting his navy which also coming he sails to the Isle of Wight and having heard of Duke Williams preparations and readiness to invade him kept good watch on the coast and foot forces everywhere in fit places to guard the shore but in the middle of September provision failing when it was most needed both fleet and army returned home when on a sudden Harald harberger King of Norway with a navy of more than 500 great ships others lessen them by 200 others augmenting them to a thousand appears at the mouth of the time to whom Earl Tosti with his ships came as was agreed between them whence both uniting set sail with all speed and entered the river Humber thence turning into the Hoos as far as recall they landed and took York by assault at these tidings Herald with all his power Haste's thitherward but air is coming Edwin and Morcar at Fulford by York on the north side of the who's above the feast to st. Matthew had given them battle successfully at first but were over born at length with numbers and being forced to turn their backs more of them perished in the river than in the fight the Norwegians taking with them 500 hostages out of your and leaving there 150 of their own retired to their ships but the fifth day after king harald with a great and well-appointed army coming to your and in Stamford Bridge or battle bridge on the Darwin assailing the Norwegians after much bloodshed on both sides cut off the greatest part of them with harberger their King and toasty is on brother but Ola of the King son and Paul Earl of Orkney who had been left with many soldiers to guard the ships surrendering themselves with hostages and oath given quote never to return as enemies unquote he suffered them freely to depart with 20 ships and the small remnant of their army one man of the Norwegians is not to be forgotten who with incredible valor keeping the bridge a long hour against the whole English army with his single resistance delayed their victory and scorning offered life till in the end no man daring to grapple with him either dreaded as too strong or contempt as one desperate he was at length shot dead with an arrow and by his fall opened the passage of pursuit to a complete victory where with Harold lifted up in mind and forgetting now his former shows of popularity defrauded his soldiers of their due and well-deserved share of the Spoils while these things passed in Northumberland Duke William lay still at st. Valerie his ships were ready but the winds served not for many days which with the soldiery into much discouragement and murmur taking this for an unlucky sign of their success at last the wind becoming favourable the Duke the first under sail awaited the rest at anchor till all coming forth the whole fleet of nine hundred ships with a prosperous Gale arrived at Hastings at his going out of the boat by a slip falling on his hands to correct the omen a soldier standing by said aloud that their Duke had taken possession of England landed he restrained his army from waste and spoil saying that they ought to spare what was their own but these things are related of Alexander and Caesar and I doubt our thence borrowed by the monks to adorn their store the Duke for 15 days after landing kept his men quiet within the camp having taken the castle of Hastings or built a fortress there Harold secured the file and proud of his new victory thought all his enemies now under his feet but sitting jolly at dinner news has brought him the Duke William of Normandy with a great multitude of horse and foot slingers and archers besides other choice of Zil uris which he had hired in France was arrived at Pevensey Harold who had expected him all the summer but not so late in the year as now it was four it was October with his forces much diminished after two sore conflicts and the departing of many others from him discontented in great haste marches to London thence not tarrying for supplies which were on their way towards him hurries to Sussex for he was always in haste since the day of his coronation and ere the third part of his army could be well put in order finds the Duke about nine miles from Hastings and now drawing nigh sent spies before him to survey the strength and number of his enemies then discovered to be such the Duke causing to be led about and afterwards to be well filled with meat and drink sent back they not over wise brought word that the Dukes army were most of them priests for they saw their faces all over shaven the English then using to let grow on their upper lip large mustachios as did ancient to the Britons the King laughing answered that they were not priests but valiant and hearty soldiers therefore said gurth to his brother a youth of noble courage and of understanding law his age forbear thou thyself to fight who are obnoxious to Duke William by your both and let us unsworn undergo the hazard of battle who may justly fight in the defense of our country thou reserved to fitter time mayst either reunite us flying or revenge's dead the King not harkening to this lest it might seem to argue fear in him or a bad cause with like resolution rejected also the offers of Duke will sent to him by a month before the battle with this only answer hastily to Verdun let God judge between us the offers were these that Harold would either lay down the scepter or hold it of him or would try his title with him by single combat in sight of both armies or would refer to the Pope these offers being rejected both sides prepared to fight the next morning the English from singing and drinking all night the Normans from confession of their sins and communion of the hopes the English were in a straight disadvantageous place so that many discouraged with their Hill ordering scarce having room where to stand slipped away before the onset the rest in close order with their battle axes and shields made an impenetrable squadron side note the 14th of October 1066 returned to text the king himself with his brothers on foot stood by the Royal Standard wherein the figure of a man fighting was in woven with gold and precious stones the Norman foot most bowmen made two foremost front on either side wings of horse somewhat behind when the duke was arming his course with being given him on the wrong side he said pleasantly the strength of my dukedom will be turned now into a kingdom then the whole army singing the song of Roland the remembrance of whose exploits might harden them in flooring lastly divine help the battle began and was fought sorely on either side but the main body of English foot by no means would be broken till the duke causing his men to feign flight drew them out with desire of pursuit into open disorder then turned suddenly upon them when so routed by themselves which were out there over yes so they died not unnaturally but turning off to pon their enemies by the advantage of an upper ground beat them down in heaps and filled up a great ditch with their carcasses thus hung the victory wavering on either side from the third hour of day to evening when Herald having maintained the fight with unspeakable courage and personal valour being shot into the head with an arrow fell at length and left his soldiers without heart longer to withstand the unwary enemy with Harold fell also his two brothers they often and Gotha and with them the greatest part of the English nobility his body lying did a knight or soldier who wounded it on the thigh was but the Duke immediately turned out of the military service of Normans and French were slain no small number the Duke himself also that day not a little hazard at his person having had three choice horses killed under him the victory being obtained and his dead carefully buried the English dead also being buried by permission he sent the body of Harold to his mother without ransom though she had offered a very great sum to redeem it which having received she buried it at Walton in a church built there by Harold in the meanwhile Edwin and Morcar who had withdrawn themselves from Harold hearing of his death came to London sending all to get the Queen their sister with all speed to Westchester Aldred Archbishop of York and many of the nobles with the Londoners would have set up Edgar Atheling the right air and prepared themselves to fight for him but more car and Edwin not liking the choice who each of them expected to have been chosen before him withdrew their forces and returned home Duke William contrary to his former resolution if Laurent of Worcester and they are following a true wasting burning and slaying all in his way or rather SF malmesbury not in hostile but in regal manner came up to London and was met at Barkham by Edgar with the nobles bishops citizens and at length Edwin and Morcar who all submitted to him gave hostages and swore fidelity to him and he to them promised peace and defense yet permitted his men the while to burn and make prey coming to London with all his army he was on Christmas Day solemnly crowned in the great Church of Westminster by Aldred Archbishop of York having first given his oath at the altar in presence of all the people to defend the church well govern the people maintained right law prohibit graffman and unjust judgment thus the English while they agreed not about the choice of their native King were constrained to take the yoke of an outlandish confident with what mind and by what course of life they had fitted themselves for the servitude William of Malmesbury spares not to lay over not a few years before the Normans came the clergy though in Edward the confessors days had lost all good literature and religion being scarce able to read and understand their Latin service and any one of them who knew his grammar was considered as a miracle by the others the monks went clad in fine stuffs and made no difference what they had which though in itself no fault yet to their consciences was a religious the great man given to gluttony and dissolute life made a prey of the common people abusing their daughters whom they had in service then turning them off to the stews the meaner sort tippling together night and day spent all the head in drunkenness attended with other vices which effeminate men's minds whence it came to pass that carried on with fury and rashness more than any true fortitude or skill of war they gave to William their Conqueror so easy a conquest not but that some few with all sorts were much better among them but such was the generality and as the long-suffering of God from its bad men to enjoy prosperous days with the good so his severity after times exempts not good men from their sharing evil times with the bad if these were the causes of such misery and thraldom to those our ancestors with what better clothes can we conclude this history than by here in fifth season admonishing this present age cite note ad 1674 turn to text in the midst of her security to fear from like vices without amendment the return of light calamities the end of the sixth book the end of the history of Britain by John Milton recording by Thomas Copeland the life of Milton by Edward Phillips this is a librivox recording all librivox recordings are in the public domain for more information or to volunteer visit librivox.org the life of Milton 1694 of all the several parts of history that which fits forth the lives and commemorates the most remarkable actions sayings or writings of famous and illustrious persons whether in war or peace rather many together or any one in particular as it is not the least useful in itself so it is in highest bogeyed esteem among the studious and reading part of mankind the most eminent in this way of history work among the ancients blue tarp and diogenes laërtius of the greeks the first wrote the lives for the most part of the most renowned heroes and warriors of the Greeks and Romans the other the lives of the ancient Greek philosophers and Cornelius Nepos or as some will have it in Milius purpose of the Latins who wrote the lives of the most illustrious Greek and Roman generals among the moderns machiavel a noble florentine who eloquently wrote the life of castruccio Custer , Lord of Lucca and of our nation's our folk greville who wrote the life of his most intimate friend Sir Philip Sidney mr. Thomas Stanley of humberto Greene who made the most elaborate improvement to the foresaid laërtius by adding to what he found in him but by diligent search and inquiry he collected from other authors of best authority and Isaac Walton who wrote the lives of Sir Henry Martin dr. Dunn and for His divine poems they admired mr. george herbert lastly not to mention several other biographers of considerable note the great guess end s of France the worthy celebrator of to no less worthy subjects of his impartial pen is the noble philosopher Epicurus and the most politely learn at virtuoso of his age his countrymen Monsieur Pierre asked and pity it is the person whose memory we have here undertaken to perpetuate by recounting the most memorable transactions of his life those works sufficiently recommend him to the world finds not a well-informed and able to set him forth equal with the best of those here mentioned for doubtless had his fame been as much spread through Europe into Alice's time as now it is and hath been for several years he had justly merited from that great historian and eulogy not inferior to the highest by him given to all the learned in ingenious that lived within the compass of his history for we may safely unjust their firm that take him in all respects for acumen of width quickness of apprehension sagacity of judgment depth of argument and elegancy of style as well in Latin as English as well in verse as prose he is scarcely paralleled by any the best of writers our nation having any age brought forth he was born in London in a house in great Street the lease were out as I take it but for certain it was a house in registry became in time part of his estate in the year of our Lord 1606 note 1603 returned to text his father John Milton an honest worthy and substantial citizen of London by profession a Scrivener to which he voluntarily took himself by the advice and assistance of an intimate friend of his eminent in that calling upon his being cast out by his father a bigoted Roman Catholic for embrace when young the Protestant faith and of during the published tennis for he is said to have been descended of an ancient family of the Milton's of Milton near Abingdon Oxfordshire where they had been a long time seated as appears by the monument still to be seen in Milton church till one of the family having taken the wrong side in the contest between the houses of York and Lancaster was sequestered of all his estate with what he helped by his wife however certain it is that this vocation he followed for many years at his stead house inbred Street with success suitable to his industry and prudent conduct of his affairs yet he did not so far quit his own generous and ingenious inclinations as to make himself wholly a slave to the world for he sometimes found vacant hours to the study which he made his recreation of the noble science of music in which he advanced to that perfection that as I have been told and as I take it by our author himself he composed an in nómine of forty parts for which he was rewarded with the gold medal and chained by a polish prince whom he presented it however this is a truth not to be denied that for several songs of his composition after the way of these times three or four which are still to be seen in old will be said of heirs besides some compositions of his in ravenscroft's Psalms he gained the reputation of a considerable master in this most charming of all the liberal Sciences in all this while he managed his grand affair of this world with such prudence and diligence that by the assistance of divine providence favouring his honest endeavors he gained a competent estate whereby he was enabled to make a handsome provision both for the education and maintenance of his children for three he had and no more although one wife Sarah of the family of the customs derived originally from Wales a woman of incomparable virtue and goodness John the eldest the subject of our present work Christopher and an only daughter and Christopher being principally designed for the study of the common law of England was entered young us too of the inner temple of which house he lived to be an ancient venture and keeping close to that study in profession all his lifetime except in the time of the civil wars of England when being a great favour and assert her of the Kings cause and obnoxious to the Parliament side by acting to his utmost power against them so long as he kept a station at Reading and after that town was taken by the Parliament forces being forced to quit his house there he steered his course according to the motion of the king's army but when the war was ended with victory and success to the Parliament party by the valour of general Fairfax and the craft and conduct of Cromwell and his composition made by the help of his brothers interest with the then prevailing power he took himself again to his former study in profession following chamber practice every turn he had came to no advancement in the world in a long time except some small employ in the town hips which we're and near it he lived all the latter time of his life for he was a person of a modest quiet temper preferring justice and virtue before all worldly pleasure or grandeur but in the beginning of the reign of King James ii for his known integrity and ability in the law he was by some persons of quality recommended to the king and at a call of sergeants received the court and the same day was sworn one of the barons of the Exchequer and soon after made one of the judges of the Common Pleas about his years and in disposition not well Brooking the fatigue of public employment he continued not long in either of these stations but having his Quietus esthe retired to a country life his study and devotion and the only daughter of the said John Dalton the elder had a considerable dowry given her by her father in marriage with Edward Phillips the son of Edward Phillips of Shrewsbury who coming up young to Tom was bred up in the Crown Office in Chancery and at length came to be secondary of the office under old mr. Benoit by him she had besides other children that died infants two sons yet surviving of whom are Hereafter and by second husband mr. Thomas agar move upon the death of his intimate friend mr. Phillips worthily succeeded in the place which accept sometime of exclusion before and during the interregnum he helped for many years and left it to mr. Thomas Milton the son of the aforementioned so Christopher who at this day execute it with great reputation and ability two daughters Mary who died very young and an yet surviving but to hasten back to our matter in hand John our author who was destined to be the ornament and glory of his country was sent together with his brother to Paul's School where of dr. Gill the elder was then chief master for he was entered into the first rudiments of learning and advanced therein with that admirable success not more by the discipline of the school and good instructions of his master's for that he had another master possibly at his father's house appears by the fourth elegy of his Latin poems written in his 18th year to Thomas Young pastor of the English company of merchants at Hamburg where any poems and styles in his master then by his own happy genius prompt wit and apprehension and insuperable industry for he generally sate up half the night as well in voluntary improvements of his own choice as the exact perfecting of the school exercises so that at the age of fifteen note he had completed his 16th year returned to text he was full right for academic learning and accordingly was sent to the University of Cambridge where in Christ's College under the tuition of a very eminent learned man whose name I cannot called mind he studied seven years and took his degree of master of arts for the extraordinary wit and reading he had shown in his performances to attain his degree somewhere of spoken at a vacation exercise in his 19th year of age are to be yet seen in his miscellaneous poems he was loved and admired by the whole university particularly by the fellows and most ingenious persons of his house among the rest there was a young gentleman one mr. King with whom for his great learning of parts he had contracted a particular friendship and intimacy whose death for he was drowned on the Irish sees in his passage from Chester to Ireland he be whales in that most excellent mana day in his for mentioned poems entitled Lizabeth never was the loss of a friend so elegantly lamented and among the rest of his juvenile poems some he wrote at the age of 15 which contained a poetic genius scarce to be paralleled by any English writer soon after he had taken his master's degree he thought fit to leave the university not upon any disgust or discontent for water preferment as some ill will errs have reported nor upon any cause whatsoever forced to fly as his detractors maliciously feign but from which aspersion he sufficiently clears himself in his second answer to Alexander Morris note first answer return to text the author of a book called clamor eggy sanguinis at keidel the chief of his calumny haters in which he plainly makes it out that after his leaving the university to the no small trouble of his fellow collegians who in general regretted his absence he for the space of five years lived for the most part with his father and mother at their house at Horton near Colebrook in Berkshire whither his father having got an estate to his content and left off all business was retired from the cares and fatigues of the world after the said term of five years his mother then dying he was willing to add to his acquired learning the observation of foreign customs manners and institutions and thereupon to a resolution to travel more especially designing for Italy note there is great confusion in all the biographers of Milton respecting the period of his travels and this confusion originates with Milton himself he left Cambridge on taking his degree of Master of Arts in 1632 he assigns five years as the interval in which he lived at home with his father and mother and his mother died in sixteen seven simmons upon which he set out on his travels thus far the story is consistent but Milton goes on to inform us that his travels occupied his face of fifteen months and that he returned to England about the time of King Charles of second expedition against the Scots a Odin family tempura who Carlos from Scotty's group to Paki Pelham ultram quote Wolcott Episcopal a red integral in both Lucy's primo congrats and Reggie's copies Malacca wok dose known sponte by the mental how did a multiples of a comment this can refer to no other period than the route at Milburn August 1640 and Milton can Leslie suspected of an erroneous statement in these last two dates than former the result is that a period of two years from the spring 1637 to the spring 1639 is passed over it as narrative unnoticed it was probably spent like the former years at Horton returned to text and accordingly with his father's consent and assistance he put himself into an equipage suitable for such a design and so intending to go by the way of France he set out for Paris accompanied only with one man who attended him to all his travels for his prudence was his guide and his learning his introduction and presentation to persons the most prominent quality however he had also a most civil and obliging letter from direction and advice from Sir Henry Wotton then Provost of Eton and former the resident ambassador from King James the first to the state of Venice which letter is to be seen in the first edition of his miscellaneous poems at Paris being recommended by the said Sir Henry and other persons of quality he went first to wait upon my Lords Scudamore then ambassador in France from King Charles the first my Lord received him with wonderful civility and understanding he had a desire to make a visit to the great Hugo Brosius he sent several of his attendants to wait upon him and to present him in his name to that renowned doctor and statesman who was at that time ambassador from christina queen of Sweden to the French King Brosius took the visit kindly and gave him entertainment suitable to his words and the high commendations he had heard of it after a few days not intending to make the usual tour of France he took his leave of my lord who at his departure from Paris gave him letters to the English merchants residing in any part through which he was to travel in which they were requested to show him all the kindness and do him all the good offices that Laennec power from Paris he hastened on his journey to Nicaea where he took shipping and in a short space arrived to Genoa from whence he went to Legon thence to Pisa and so to Florence in this city he met with many charming objects which invited him to stay a longer time they intended the pleasant situation of the place the nobleness of the structures the exact humanity and civility of the inhabitants the more polite and refined sort of language there than elsewhere during the time of his stay there which was about two months he visited all the private academies of the city which a place is established for the improvement of wit and learning and maintained a correspondence and perpetual friendship among gentlemen bitly qualified for such an institution in such sort of academies there are in all or most of the most noted cities in Italy visiting these places he would soon taken notice of by the most learned and ingenious of the nobility and the grand wits of Florence who arrests him with all the corners and civilities imaginable particularly Jacopo got deep girdle of dirty antonio Franchini fresco Baldo Coconino bonnet a and Clementine lo where a gaudy note it should be Franchini return detects has a large elegant Italian Kansa nuts in his praise and dotty a Latin epistle both printed before his Latin poems together with a Latin distich of the Marquess of Villa and another of Sivaji and a Latin tetra stick of giovanni cassini a rock from Florence he took his journey to Siena from thence to Rome where he was detained much about the same time he had been in Florence as well by his desire of seeing all the rarities and antiquities of that most glorious in the mountain city as by the conversation of Lucas hosting us and other learned and ingenious men who highly valued his acquaintances and treated him with all possible respect from Rome he traveled to Naples where he was introduced by a certain hermit who accompanied him in his journey from Rome dither into the knowledge of giovanni battista mon-sol Marquess of vila a Neapolitan by birth a person of high nobility virtue and honor to whom the famous Italian poet torquato tasso wrote his treatise de Makita and moreover mentions in with great honor in that illustrious poem of his entitled Jerusalem me Liberata this noble Marquess received him with extraordinary respect and civility and went with him himself to give him a sight of all it was of note and remark in the city particularly the Viceroy his palace and was often in person to visit him at his lodging moreover in this noble Marquess honoured him so far as to make a Latin distich in his praise as at the nobody mentioned which being known as pity than short though already in print it will not be unworthy while here to repeat would mames forma de corn Farkas most severe toss seek no nun loose Wareham heavily Ungaro sip Sephora's note on the phrase sepia toss seek this word relates to this being a Protestant not a Roman Catholic ap return to text in return of this honor and in gratitude for the many favors and civilities received of him he presented him at his departure with a large Latin eclogue entitled menses afterwards published among his Latin poems the Marquess at his taking leave of him gave him this compliment that he would have done him many more offices of kindness and civility but was therefore rendered incapable in regard he had been over liberal in his speech against the religion of the country he had entertained some thoughts of passing over into Sicily in Greece was diverted by the news he received from England that affairs there were tending towards a civil war thinking it a thing unworthy in him to be taking his pleasure in foreign parts for his countrymen at home were fighting for their liberty but first resolved to see Rome once more and though the merchants gave him a caution that the Jesuits were hatching designs against him in case he should return thither by reason of the freedom he took in all his discourses of religion nevertheless he ventured to prosecute its resolution and to Rome the second time he went determining with himself not industriously to begin to fall into any discourse about religion but being asked not to deny or endeavour to conceal his own sentiments two months he stated wrong and in all that time never flinched but was ready to defend the Orthodox faith against all opposes and so well he succeeded there in that with Providence guarding him he went safe from Rome back to Florence where his return to his friends at that city was welcomed with as much joy and affection as had it been to his friends and relations in his own country he could not have come to a more joyful and welcome guest here having stayed as long as at his first coming accepting an excursion of a few days to Lucca crossing the Apennine and passing through Bologna and Ferrara he arrived at Venice where when he has spent a month's time in viewing of that stately City and shipped up a parcel of curious and rare books which he had picked up in his travels particularly a Chester too of choice music books of the best masters flourishing about that time in Italy namely lucuma Renzo Monteverdi Horacio Venky Chifa the principal OSA and several others each of his course to Verona Milan and the Queen I'm Alice and so by the lake Lima to Geneva where he stayed for some time and had daily converse with the most learning Javon named a adoptee theology professor in that city I'm so returning through France by the same way he had passed it going to Italy he by a peregrination of one complete year and about three months arrived safe in England about the time of the Kings making his second ex addition against the Scots soon after his return and visits paid to his father and other friends he took him a lodging in st. bride's churchyard at the house of one Russell a tailor when he first undertook the education and instruction of his sister's two sons the younger wear of had been wholly committed to his charge at care and here by the way I judge it not impertinent to mention the many authors both of the Latin and Greek which through his excellent judgment and way of teaching far above the pedantry of common public schools where such authors are scarce ever heard of were run over within no greater compass of time than from ten to fifteen or sixteen years of age of the Latin before grand authors dirimu Stuka Cato Varro Philomela and Pelagius Cornelius chaos and age position of the Romans a great part of Flynn E's Natural History Vitruvius his architecture front eNOS is stratagems together with the two egregious poets who preaches and Menelaus of the Greek easier a poet equal with homer aratus his phenomena and deal Samia darnisha saw fair they see to Orbis our pians energetics and how you ticks Critias carla various poem of the trojan war continued from homer apollonius rhodius his Argonaut ex and in prose Plutarch sprocket uh philosophorum and parry fight own glorious seek eminences astronomy Xenophon's Curie Institute EO and analysis aliens tactics and a lioness his warlike stratagems thus by teaching he in some measure increased his own knowledge having the reading of all these authors as it were by proxy and all this might possibly have conduced to the preserving of his eyesight that he not moreover been perpetually busied in his own laborious undertakings of the book or pen nor did the time the studiously employed in conquering the Greek and Latin tongues enter the attaining to the chief Oriental languages is the Hebrew County of Syria so far as to go through the pen two or five books of Moses in Hebrew to make a good entrance into the targa Moore County paraphrase and to understand several chapters of Saint Matthew in the Syriac Testament besides an introduction into several arts and sciences by reading or stitious is arithmetic riffs geometry that discuss his trigonometry Johannes desaad Provost would aspire and into the Italian and French tongues by reading in Italian Giovanni Villani ins history of the transactions between several petty states of Italy and in French a great part of Pierre to VT the famous geographer of friends in his time the Sunday's work was for the most part the reading each day a chapter of the Greek Testament and hearing his learning exposition upon the same and how this savored of atheism in him I leave to the courteous backbiter to judge the next work after this was the writing from his own dictation some art from time to time of a tractate which he thought fit to collect from the ablest of Divine's who had written of that subject Amnesia's will abuse etc he is a perfect system of divinity of which more Hereafter now persons so farm inducted into the highest paths of literature both divine at human had they received his documents with the same acuteness of wit and apprehension the same industry alacrity and thirst after knowledge as the instructor was endeared with what prodigies of wit and learning might they have proved the scholars might in some degree have come near to the equalling of the master or at least having some sort made good but he seems to predict in the close of an elegy he made in the 17th year of his age upon the death of one of his sister's children a daughter who died in her infancy and though the mother of so sweet a child of false imagined loss ceased to amend and wisely learned to curb thy sorrow smiled listeth I do he will an offspring gift that till the world's last in shall make thy name to live but to return to the thread of our discourse he made no long stay as lodgings and st. bride's churchyard necessity of having a place to dispose his books in and other goods fit for the furnishing of a good handsome house hastening him to take one and accordingly a pretty garden house he took in Aldersgate Street at the end of an entry and therefore the fitter for his turn by reason of the privacy besides that there are few streets in London more free from noise than that here first it was that his academic area edition was put in practice than vigorously proceeded he himself giving an example to those under him the fort was not long after his taking this house ere his elder nephew was put aboard with him also of hard study and spare diet only this advantage he had that once in three weeks or a month he would drop into the Society of some normal sparks of his acquaintance the chief were aware mr. Pouncey and mr. Miller two gentlemen of grace in the boughs of those times but nothing near so bad as those nowadays with these gentlemen he would so far make both this body as now and then to keep a gaudy day in this house he continued several years in the one or two first twelve he set out several treatises with that of Reformation that against political Episcopal see the reason of church government the defense of smek dimness at least the greater part of them but as I take it all and sometime after one sheet of education which he dedicated to mr. Samuel Heartland heathen wrote so much of husbandry this sheet is printed at the end of the second edition of his poems and lastly Areopagitica during the time also of his continuance in this house there fell out several occasions of the increasing of his family his father who till the taking of reading by the Earl of Essex's forces had lived with his other son at his house there was upon that sons de settlement necessitated to betake himself to this his eldest son with whom he lived for some years even to his dying day in the next place he had an addition of some scholars to which may be added he is entering into matrimony but he had his wife's company so small a time that he may well be said to have become a single man again soon after about quits entire was or none laughter the to her journey into the country nobody about him certainly knowing the reason or that it was any more than a journey of recreation after a month's stay home Lee returns a married men that went out a bachelor his wife being married the eldest daughter of a mr. Richard Powell then a Justice of Peace a forest hill near shotover in Oxfordshire some few of her nearest relations accompanying the bride to her new habitation which by reason the father nor anybody else were yet come was able to receive them where the feasting held for some days in celebration of the nuptials and for entertainment of the bride's friends at length they took their leave and returning to Forest Hill left the sister behind probably not much to a satisfaction as appeared by the sequel by that time she had for a month of there about led a philosophical life after having been used to a great house and much company in joviality her friends possibly incited by her own desire made earnest suit by letter to have her company during the remaining part of the summer which was granted on condition of her return at the time appointed which was Nicholas or thereabout in the meantime came his father and some of the four mentioned disciples and now the studies went on with so much the more vigor as there were more hands and hips avoid the old gentleman living wholly retired to his rest and devotion without the least trouble imaginable our author and now as it were a single man again made it his chief diversion now and then in an evening to visit the lady Margaret Lee daughter to the length the Earl of Marlborough who had been Lord High treasurer of England and president of the Privy Council to King James the first this lady being a woman of great wit and ingenuity at a particular honor for him and took much delight in his company as did likewise her husband captain Hobson a very accomplished gentleman and what a steam Milton at the same time had for her appears by a summit he made in pray supper which is to be seen among his other sonnets in his extant poems nickel must be income and no news of his wife's return he sent for her by letter and receiving no answer sent several other letters which were also an end so that at last he dispatched down a foot messenger with a letter desiring a return but the messenger came back not only without an answer at least a satisfactory one but to the best of my remembrance reported that he was dismissed with some sort of contentment this proceeding in all probability was grounded upon no other cause for this namely that the family being generally addicted to the cavalier party as they called it and some of them possibly engaged in the King's service who by this time had his headquarters at Oxford and was in some prospect of success they began to repent them of having matched the eldest daughter of the family to a person so contrary to them in opinion and thought it would be a blot in their escutcheon whenever that Court should come to flourish again however its so incensed our author that he thought it would be dishonorable ever to receive her again after such a repulse so that he forthwith prepared to fortify himself with her commands for such a resolution and accordingly wrote two treatises by which he undertook to maintain that it was against reason and the enjoyment of it not criminal by Scripture for any married couple disagreeable in humour and temper or having an aversion to each other to be forced to live yoked together all their days the first tract was his doctrine and discipline of divorce of which there was granted a second edition with some editions the other in prosecution of the first was styled tetrachord then the better to confirm his own opinion by the attestation of others he set out a piece called the judgment of Martin Buser a Protestant minister being a translation out of that Reverend divine of some part of his words exactly agreeing with him in sentiment lastly he wrote in answer to a pragmatical clerk who would need to give himself the honour of writing against so great a man is coolest Aryan or rod of Correction for a saucy impertinent not very long after the setting forth of these treatises having application made to him by several gentlemen his acquaintance for the education of their sons as understanding happily the progress he had been fixed by his first undertake of that nature he laid out for a larger house and soon found out but in the interim before he removed there fell out a passage which though it altered not the whole course he was going to steer yet it put a stop or rather an end to a grand affair which was more than probably thought to be then in agitation it was indeed a design of marrying one of dr. Davis's daughters a very handsome and witty gentlewoman but averse as it is said to this motion however the intelligence hero and the then declining state of the Kings cause and consequently of the circumstances of Justice Powell's family caused them to set all engines on work to restore the late married woman to the station wherein they a little before had planted her at last this device was pitched upon there dwelt in the lane of st. Martin's Legrand which was heart by a relation of our authors one black borough whom it was known he often visited and upon this occasion the visits were the more narrowly observed and possibly there might be a combination between both parties the friends on both sides consenting in the same action though on different behalf one time above the rest he making his usual visit the wife was ready in another room and on a sudden he was surprised to see one whom he thought never to have seen more making submission and begging pardon on her knees before him he might probably first make some show of a version of rejection but partly his own generous nature more inclined Apple to reconciliation than to perseverance and anger and revenge and partly the strong intercession of friends on both sides soon brought him to an act of oblivion and a firm League of peace for the future and it was at length concluded that she should remain at a friend's house till such time as he was settled at his new house at Barbican and all things for her reception in order the place agreed on for her present abode was the widow Weber's house in st. Clements Church Hart whose second daughter had been married to the other brother note Christopher Walton who turned to text many years before the first fruits of a return to her husband was a brave girl born within a year after though whether by ill Constitution or want of care she grew more and more decrepit but it was not only by children that she increased the number of the family for in no very long time after her coming she had a great resort of her kindred with her in the house is her father and mother and several of her brothers and sisters which were in all pretty numerous who upon his father's sickening and dying soon after went away and now the house looked again like a house of the muses only though the accession of scholars was not great possibly his proceeding thus far in the education of youth may have been the occasion of some of his adversaries calling him pedagogue and schoolmaster whereas it is well known he never set up for a public school to teach all the young try of a parish but only was willing to impart his learning and knowledge to relations and the sons of some gentleman that were his intimate friends note there is something beautiful in the generosity with which Edward Philips here sets himself to vindicate his uncle against the aspersions of his adversaries as it is certain that the writer was a schoolmaster and by the representation of Anthony would probably set up for a public school to teach all the young fry of a parish the sentiment is my kinsmen the great man was merits I am commemorating was far from being the insignificant person that I is historian and I am in my proper place when I make the education of the youth my daily employment and my profession but he was a man of a different standard and belonging to another class of intelligences nor is it just the terms and ideas sufficiently descriptive of my destination should be applied to one who is scarce to be paralleled by any the best of writers our nation hath in any age brought forth return to text besides that neither his converse nor his writings nor his manner of teaching ever savored in the least anything of pedantry and probably he might have some prospect of putting in practice is academically institution according to the model lay down in his sheet of education the progress of which design was afterwards diverted by a series of alteration in the affairs of state for I am much mistaken if there were not about this time a design in agitation of making him adjutant general in civilian Wohlers army but the new modeling of the army soon following proved an obstruction to that design and Sir William his Commission being laid down began as the common saying is to turn captain pan it was not long after the March of Fairfax and Cromwell that the City of London with the whole army to quell the insurrections which Brown at Massey now become malcontents also were endeavoring to raise in the city against the Army's proceedings there he left his great house in Barbican and he took himself to a smaller in high hobart among those that opened backward in Lincoln's Inn Fields here he lived a private and quiet life still prosecuting his studies and curious search into knowledge the grand affair perpetually of his life till such time as the war being now at an end with complete victory to the Parliament side as the Parliament then stood purged of all its dissenting members and the king after some treaties with the Army great infector brought to his trial the formal government being now changed into a free state he was here upon obliged to write a treatise called the tenure of kings and magistrates sidenote March ad 1648 49 return to text after which his thoughts were bent upon retiring again to his own private studies and falling upon such subjects as his proper genius prompted him to write up among which was the history of our own nation from the beginning till the Norman conquest wherein he had made some progress sidenote ad 1649 returned text when for this his last treatise reviving the fame of other things he had formerly published being more and more taken notice of for his excellency of style and depth of judgment he was quartered into the service of this new Commonwealth and at last prevailed with four he never hunted after preferment nor affected that in Tamar and Harry of public business to take upon him the office of Latin Secretary to the Council of State for all their letters to foreign princes and states were they stuck to this noble and generous resolution not to write to any or receive answers from them but in a language most proper to maintain a correspondence among the learners of all nations in this part of the world scorning to carry on their affairs in the weed linked lisping jargon of the cringing French especially as they had a Minister of State able to cope with the ablest any prince of state could employ for the Latin tongue and so well he acquitted himself in this station that he gained from abroad both reputation to himself and credit to the state that employed him and it was well the business of his office came not very fast upon him for he was scarce well warm in his secretary ship before other work flowed in upon him which took him up for some considerable time in the first place there came out a book said to have been written by the king and finished a little before his death entitled icon Basilica that is the royal image a book highly cried up for its smooth style and pathetical composure wherefore to obviate the impression it was like to make him on the many he was obliged to write an answer which he entitled econo plasters or image breaker and upon the heels of that outcomes in public the great keel cow of Christendom with his defensive Reggie's contra Pope of the mug lucano note this title everyone will see to be a misstatement no man ever professed to write against a people for their governors the proper title is defensive area pro cartola primo at Carlos secundum returned to text a man so famous and cried out for his plinian exact cetaceans and other pieces of reputed learning that there could nowhere have been found a champion that Durst lift up the pen against so formidable an adversary and not our little English David had the courage to undertake this great French Goliath to whom he gave such a hit in the forit that he presently staggered and soon after fell for immediately upon the coming out of the answer entitled defensive property on Lakhani contra cloud iam and no no moon etc he who till then sight note ad 1651 return to text had been Chief Minister and superintendent in the court of the cleric Christina queen of Sweden dwindled in esteem to that degree that he at last about safe to speak to the meanest servant in short he was dismissed with so cold and sliding in a do that after a faint dying reply he was glad to have recourse to death the remedy of all evils and ender of all controversies sidenote ad 1652 return to text and now I presume our author had some breathing space but it was not long for though summation was departed he left some stings behind new enemy started up Barker's though no great fighters who the first assert her of salacious his cause was is not certainly known but variously conjectured that some supposing it to be one Janus a lawyer raised in some to be dr. Brahma who was made by King Charles the second after his restoration Archbishop of Armagh in Ireland but whoever the author was the book was thought fit to be taken into correction and our author not thinking it worth his own undertaking to the disturbing the progress of whatever more chosen work he had been at hand committed this task to the younger of his two nephews but with such exact emendations before it went to the press that it might have very well passed for his but that he was willing the person that took the pains to prepare it for his examination and punishment should have the name and credit of being the author so that it came forth under this title – Philip II on Glee defence yo Pro popular Anglican o contra etc sidenote ad 1652 footnote this title is given from memory and inaccurately returned to text during the writing and publishing of this book you at one Thompson's next door to the bullhead tavern at Charing Cross opening into the spring garden which seems to have been only a lodging take until this design department in Scotland Yard was prepared for you for Hitler he soon removed from the forsake place and here his third child a son was born which through the ill-usage or bad constitution of an ill chosen nurse died an infant from this apartment whether he thought it not healthy or otherwise convenient for his use or whatever else was the reason he soon after took a pretty garden house in Petit France in Westminster next door to the Lord scooter Wars and opening in st. James's Park here he remained no less than 8 years namely from the Year 1652 till within a few weeks of king charles the second's restoration in this house his first wife died in childbed he married a second who after a year's time died in childbed also this his second marriage was about two or three years after his being wholly deprived of sight which was just going about the time of his answering salacious whereupon his adversaries gladly take occasion of imputing his blindness as a judgment upon him for his answering the king's book etc footnote Greggy Eve song winning club more 16:52 returned to text whereas it is most certainly known that his sight but with his continual study is being subject to the headache and his perpetual tampering with physics it had been decaying for above a dozen years before in the sight of one for a long time clearly lost here he wrote plays amanuensis his two answers to Alexandre more who upon the last answer quitted the field so that being now quiet from state adversaries and public contests he had leisure again for his own studies and private designs sidenote ad 1655 returned two tanks which were his for said history of England and a new thesaurus linguae team I according to the manner of Stephen s a work he had been long since collecting from his own reading and still went on with it at times even very near to his dying day but the papers after his so discomposed and efficient that it could not be made fit for the press however but there was of it was made use of for another dictionary but the heighth of his noble fancy and invention began now to be seriously and mainly employed in a subject worthy of such a muse he is a heroic poem entitled Paradise Lost the noblest in the general esteem of learned and judicious persons of any yet written by any either ancient or modern this subject was first designed to be produced to the world in the form of a tragedy and in the fourth book of the poem there are six verses which several years before the poem was begun were shown to me and some others as designed for the very beginning of the said tragedy the verses are these oh thou that the surpassing glory crowned look'st from thy soul Dominion like the god of this new world that whose sight all the stars hide the diminished heads to thee I call but with no friendly voice and add thy name o son to tell thee how I hate thy beams that bring to my remembrance from what state I fell how glorious once above thy sphere to pride and worse ambition threw me down warring in heaven against heavens glorious King there is another very remarkable passage in the composure of this poem which I have a particular occasion of remember for whereas I had the perusal of it from the very beginning for some years as they went from time to time to visit him and parcel of ten twenty or thirty verses at a time which being written by whatever hand came next might possibly want correction as to orthography and pointing having as the summer came on not been showed any for a considerable while and desiring the reason thereof was answered that his vain never happily flowed but from the autumnal equinox all to the vernal and that whatever he attempted otherwise was never to his satisfaction though he courted his fancy never saw my so that in all the year he was about this poem he may be said to have spent but half his time Marion it was but a little before the Kings restoration that he wrote and published his book in defense of a Commonwealth so undaunted he was in declaring his true sentiments to the world and not long before his power of the civil magistrate in ecclesiastical affairs and his treatise against hirelings just upon the Kings coming over having a little before been sequestered from his office of Latin Secretary and the salary there until the longing he was forced to leave his house also in petit France where all the time of his abode there which was eight years as above-mentioned he was frequently visited by persons of quality particularly by milady rein law whose son for some time he had instructed and by all learned foreigners of note who could not part out of the city without giving a visit to a person so eminent and lastly by particular friends that had a high esteem for it he is mr. Andrew Marvell young Laurence the son of him that was first into followers council doom there is a sonnet among arrest in his printed poems mr. March Amnon Needham the writer of politicus but above all mr. Syriac skinner whom he honored with two sonnets one long since public among his poems the other but newly printed his next removal was by the advice of those that wished him well and had a concern for his preservation into a place of retirement and abscond until such time as the current of affairs for the future should instruct him what far the course to take it was a friend's house in bartholomew close where he lived to the act of oblivion came forth which it pleased God proved as favorable to him as could be hoped or expected through the intercession of some that stood his friends both in Council and Parliament particularly in the House of Commons mr. Andrew Marvell remember for how active vigorously in his behalf and made a considerable party for him so that together with John Goodwin of Coleman Street it was only so far accepted as not to bear any office in the Commonwealth soon after appear again in public sight note 1662 returned to text he took a house in Holborn near Red Lion fields where he stayed not long before his pardon having passed the seal he removed to join street there he lived when he married his third wife recommended to him by his old friend doctor Padgett in Coleman Street but he stayed not long after his new marriage ere he removed to a house in the artillery walk leading to bun Hill fields and this was his last stage in this world but it was of many years continuance more perhaps than he had had in any other place besides here he finished his noble poem and published it in the year 1666 the first edition was printed in Porto by one simon as a printer in Aldersgate Street and a second in a large of table by Starkey near Temple Bar amended enlarged and differently disposed as to the number of books by his own hand that is by his own appointment and a third has been set forth many years since his death in a large folio with cuts added by Jacob Thompson here it was also that he finished and published his history of our nation to the conquest all complete so far as he went side note he published his history of England in the year 1617 return to text some passages only being accepted which being thought too sharp against the clergy could not pass the hand of the licensor were in the hands of the late Earl of Anglesey while he lived where a present is uncertain it cannot certainly be concluded when he wrote his excellent tragedy in title Samson Agonistes but sure enough it is that it came forth after his publication of Paradise Lost together with his other poem called Paradise Regained which doubtless was begun and finished and printed after the other was published and that in a wonderful short space of time considering the sublime Ness of it however it is generally censured to be much inferior to the other though he could not hear with patience any such thing when related to it possibly the subject may not for such variety of invention but it is thought by the most judicious to be little or nothing inferior to the other for style and Cora the said Earl of Anglesey whom him presented with a copy of the unlicensed papers of his history came often here to visit him as very much coveting in society and converse as likewise others of the nobility and many persons of eminent quality nor were the visits of foreigners ever more frequent than in this place almost to his dying day his treatise of true religion heresy sysm and toleration etc was doubtless the last thing of his writing that was published before his death he had as I remember prepared for the press and answer to some little scribbling quack in London who had written a scurrilous libel against him but whether by the dissuasion of friends as thinking him a fellow not worth his notice or for what other cause I know not this answer was never published he died in the year 1673 towards the latter end of the summer footnote November 8th 1674 returned to Texas and had a very decent interment according to his quality in the Church of st. Giles crippled gate being attended from his house to the church by several gentlemen than in town his principal well-wishers and admirers he had three daughters who survived too many years and a son all by his first wife of whom sufficient mention has been made and his eldest as above said and Mary his second who were both born at his house in Barbican and Deborah the youngest who is yet living born in his house and Betty France between whom and his second daughter the son named John was born as above-mentioned at his apartment in Scotland Yard by his second wife Catherine the daughter of Captain Woodcock of Hackney he had only one daughter of which the mother the first year after a marriage died in childbed and the child also within a month after by his third wife elizabeth the daughter of one mr. minstrel of Cheshire and kinsman to dr. Patchett who survived him and is said to be at living he never had any child and those he had by the first he made serviceable to him in that very particular in which he most wanted their service and supplied his want of eyesight by their eyes and tongue for though he had daily about him one or other to read to him some persons of man's estate ooh of their own accord greedily catched at the opportunity of being his readers that they might as well reap the benefit of what they read to him is oblige him with the benefit of their reading others of younger years sent by their parents to the same end yet excusing only the eldest daughter by reason of her bodily infirmity and difficult utterance of speech which to say the truth I doubt was the principal cost of excusing her the other two were condemned to the performance of reading and exactly pronouncing of all the languages of whatever book he should at one time or other think fit to peruse viz the Hebrew and I think the Syriac the Greek the Latin Italian Spanish and French all which sorts of books to be confined to read without understanding one word must need to be a trial of patience almost beyond endurance yet it was endured by both for a long time yet the irksomeness of this employment could not always be concealed but broke out more and more into expressions of uneasiness so that at length they were all even the eldest also sent out to learn some curious and ingenious sorts of manufacture that are proper for women to learn particularly embroideries in gold or silver it had been happy indeed if the daughters of such a person had been made in some measure inherit Rix's of their fathers learning but since fate otherwise decreed the greatest honor that can be ascribed to this now living and so would have been to the others had they did is to be daughter of a man of his extraordinary character he is said to have died worth fifteen hundred pounds in money a considerable estate all things considered besides household hoods for he sustained such losses as might well have broke any person less frugal and temperate than himself though less than two thousand pounds which he had put for security in provement into the excise office but neglecting to recall it in time who'd never after get it out with all the power and interest he had in the great ones of those times besides another great some by mismanagement and for want of good advice thus I have reduced into form and order whatever I have been able to rally up neither from the recollection of my own memory of things transacted while I was with him or the information of others equally converse and afterwards or from his own mouth by frequent visits to the last I shall conclude this history with two material passages which though they relate not immediately to our author or his own particular concerns yet in regard that they happen during his public employment of latin secretary to the council of state of the Commonwealth of England and consequently felt most especially under his cognizance it will not be a miss here to us of them the first was this before the war broke forth between the states of England and the Dutch the Hollanders sent over three ambassadors in order to an accommodation but they returning reinfect ax the Dutch sent away a plenipotentiary to offer peace upon much milder terms or at least to gain more time but this plenipotentiary could not make such haste but that the Parliament had procured a copy of their instructions in Holland which were delivered by our author to his kinsmen who was then with him to translate for the council to view before the said plenipotentiary had taken shipping for England and an answer to all he had in charge lay ready for him before he made his public entry into London in the next place there came a person with a very sumptuous train pretending himself an agent from the Prince of condé who was then in arms against Cardinal Mazarin the Parliament mistrusting him set their instruments so busily at work that in four or five days they have procured intelligence from Paris that he was a spy from King Charles whereupon the very next morning our other's kinsmen was sent to him with an order of council commanding him to depart the kingdom within three days or expect the punishment of a spy by these two remarkable passages we may clearly discover the industry and good intelligence of those times end of the life of Milton written by his nephew mr. Edward Phillips recording by Thomas Boleyn